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An informal group of activists, with the support of CNA, so far has marked more than 80 unmarked sites of suffering. This text presents reflections on actions to mark unmarked sites of suffering in Bosnia and Herzegovina related to the war period from 1991 to 1995: how we arrived at the idea to mark unmarked sites of suffering in Bosnia and Herzegovina, how the process developed, the difficulties we encountered and the future prospects for developing these actions. The text is the result of individual interviews with members of the ONMS Team conducted in the summer of 2019.

Numerous sites of massacres, suffering and torture across BiH are unmarked because local authorities oppose having signs at sites of suffering where the victims were people who do not belong to the majority in the municipality. With rare and notable exceptions, selective empathy only for victims from one’s own people is a common trait among all the constitutive peoples in BiH (Bosniaks, Serbs, Croats). Readily pointing out individual examples of multiethnicity among members of armed forces in BiH does not change this core issue, instead, it seeks to create an illusion that the war was not ethnically motivated.